Most cars have their own unique lug pattern. Others share a common pattern with other vehicles. But no matter what type of car you have, there are only 5 different 4 lug patterns that you need to know.
The easiest way to determine if your wheels will fit your car is to measure the bolt pattern on your vehicle. If you don’t even know how many lugs are on the wheel, search by car model and year.
How to measure wheel bolt pattern
There are several factors that go into choosing the right wheels. Whether you’re looking for a fresh new set of wheels or just need to replace one, it’s crucial to know your wheel bolt pattern.
If you’re looking for new wheels, it’s important to know your wheel bolt pattern because, without the proper lug nuts, the wheel won’t be able to fit on your car properly. Keep on reading this guide for more information about how to measure bolt patterns on your vehicle!
There are a few ways you can figure out your wheel bolt pattern. One way is by measuring a wheel that fits on your car and using it as a reference. You can also check the owner’s manual or, even better yet, count the lug nuts on your car.
A wheel bolt pattern is described by two numbers. The first number is the number of bolt holes. The second number is the distance in millimeters from the center of one hole to the center of the opposite hold.
Here’s how to measure a 4-bolt pattern:
- Take a straight edge and place it diagonally
- Measure from the center of one lug to the outer edge of the straightedge.
- Do this on both sides.
- If they match, you have a 4-bolt pattern. If not, you have an odd-ball 5-bolt pattern. This may require custom wheels!
How do you measure a 5 lug bolt pattern?
The correct way to measure a 5 lug bolt pattern is to start from the BACK of the center bore (Wheel Bore), where the lug nuts make contact with the wheel to the OUTERMOST bead seat (edge) of the rim.
The easiest way to do this is to have someone lift your car so that you can get under it and spin the wheels. Then, you simply use a ruler or a measuring tape and measure straight across from one bead seat to another.
This measurement is called PCD or Pitch Circle Diameter.
Once you know what 5 bolt patterns you want, it’s easy to find what other vehicles share that same pattern. Just click on one of our wheel brands below and browse through their selection of wheels for cars, trucks, and SUVs that share your 5 bolt pattern.
How do I find the bolt pattern on my wheels?
Finding the bolt pattern on your wheels is easy. Just follow these steps:
1. Count the number of lug nuts on each wheel. The most common vehicle bolt patterns have either four, five, or six lug nuts. Count them to be sure!
2. Measure the distance between two holes on the same side of a wheel that is direct across from each other. For example, if you have a five-lug pattern, measure from the center of any hole to the center of the hole directly opposite it.
This will give you your diameter. You can also measure the distance between two holes that are next to each other — those measurements will give you your bolt circle diameter (BCD). If you can’t measure, just know that most cars have a 5-lug bolt pattern — meaning five lugs or bolts are used to connect the tire to the wheel.
3. Measure through the center of one hole and use a ruler or measuring tape to measure straight across to another hole on the opposite side of the circle. This will give you your diameter measurement for both 5-lug and 6-lug vehicles as well as 4-lug and 8-lug vehicles.
Besides, the easiest way is to check on the backside of your wheel for any markings that say something like “5×4.5” or “5×114.3”. You could also check your car’s owner manual or online for your vehicle’s specs to see what size is recommended for your make and model.
You can also use a measuring tape to measure from the center of one lug hole to the outer edge of the lug diagonally across from it. For example, if you are measuring a 5×4.5, you would measure from the center of one lug hole, skipping one lug hole and then measuring to the center of the third lughole.
What is a 5 on 5 bolt pattern?
You’ll see three numbers in a bolt pattern like 5×4.5, 4×100, or 5×112. The first number is the number of bolt holes, the second number (before the ‘x’) is the distance in mm from the center of one hole to the center of the hole directly across from it.
The second number in a bolt pattern (after the ‘x’) is how far in mm apart each hole is from each other along a line that goes through the center of each hole.
This means that if you have a 5 lug bolt pattern, it will measure 5 x 4.5 inches or 114.3mm if you measure from the center of one lug to the outer edge of the lug farthest from it.
Is 5×4 5 bolt pattern the same as 5×114 3?
The reason why we always mention both terms is that some people only know one of them and are wondering how they relate to each other even though they mean exactly the same thing.
Now you can understand that most wheel manufacturers use only one standard on their products: either in inches or in millimeters but never both at the same time!
So if your car came with a set of wheels with an inch measurement like, for example, 7×17 ET35, then it means that it was designed for this specific vehicle and will fit perfectly!
How do you find the bolt pattern on a wheel?
Bolt patterns can be measured in either inches or millimeters, and it is important to match your new wheels to the bolt pattern on your vehicle. Matching the bolt pattern will ensure that the new wheel properly mounts to the car and that the center bore matches that of your hub.
There are two methods to measure your wheel’s bolt pattern. The first method uses angles and measurements to determine the bolt pattern.
The second method measures directly through the center of two holes across from each other to find your bolt pattern. It is usually more accurate to use method 2 if you have access to a ruler or tape measure.
What is bolt pattern measurement?
A positive offset means the mounting surface of the wheel is positioned in front of (more toward the street side) the true centerline of the rim/tire assembly. This measurement is referred to as ET (German: Einpresstiefe, “Offset”).
A negative offset means the mounting surface of the wheel is behind the true centerline of the rim/tire assembly.
Bolt Pattern (or bolt circle or lug pattern) is made up of two numbers: first number – number of bolts; second number – diameter in mm (measured from center to center). Example: 5-114.3 – that’s 5 bolts with 114mm pitch circle diameter.
How to measure the diameter of a 5 bolt hole wheel?
The bolt pattern of a wheel describes how many lug holes are on the wheel and how far apart they are from each other. The bolt pattern is typically described in measurements such as 5-on-4.5 or 5×114.3 (which would indicate a 5 lug pattern on a circle with a diameter of 114.3mm).
To measure the bolt pattern of your wheel, you need to measure from the center of one lug hole to the outer edge of the lug hole farthest away (as shown in the example below). This can be done using a tape measure or ruler.
Bolt Patterns are often referred to using two numbers, the first number is the number of lugs, and the second is the diameter of one of the circles made by the lugs.
For example: “5×5” or “5×127” – Means that there are 5 lugs on a 127mm circle
Another example: “5×4.5″ – Means that there are 5 lugs on a 114.3mm circle (4.5” = 114.3mm)
Steps to measure your bolt pattern:
1. To measure the bolt pattern of a 5-lug wheel, hold a ruler directly in line with the center of a stud on one side of the wheel (as if you were taking a measurement through the middle of an imaginary donut).
2. Now measure to the center of the stud on the opposite side of the wheel. This is your bolt pattern measurement.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Are all 5 bolt patterns the same?
No, not all 5-bolt patterns are the same. Some wheels have a 5X4.5 bolt pattern, some have a 5X4.75, and others have a 5X5. Make sure you measure your bolt pattern before buying new wheels!
2. What is the most common 5-lug bolt pattern?
The most common 5-lug bolt pattern is 5×110, which can be translated to either 110mm(4.33″) or 114.3mm(4.47″). The smaller measurement is the one that is used most frequently and is known as 4 11/32 inches in fractional form.
You might see some wheels with this measurement listed as 4 1/8 inches, but this is not true unless the wheel was specifically made for Chrysler vehicles. The other common size that you might see listed is 114.3mm or 4 1/2 inches in fractional form.
3. What Is The 5 X 5.5 Bolt Pattern?
This wheel fitment guide is used for determining fitment between wheels, vehicles, and wheel accessories such as wheel adapters, spacers, and wheel weights. This guide is for the following bolt patterns: 5 X 5.5″, 5 X 114.3″, 5 X 115″, 5 X 120″.
4. How many different 5 lug bolt patterns are there?
There are a number of 5 lug bolt patterns that you will find on custom rims today. Most vehicles adhere to the following bolt patterns:
5×112 – Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen
5×114.3 – Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet/GM, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Honda/Acura, Hyundai/Kia, Jeep, Subaru (With Exceptions), Toyota/Lexus (With Exceptions)
5×120 – BMW
5×127 – Dodge Ram Van (1500 and 3500 only), Jeep Wrangler JK & TJ; Liberty
5×130 – Porsche Cayenne
Most wheels are interchangeable from one car to another car. The only difference is the size of the wheel that fits in the fender well and the bolt pattern. Bolt pattern is measured as a diameter from one lug to another or how many lugs are on a wheel.
The easiest way to estimate the 5 lug bolt pattern is to measure from the back of a hole to the center of the second hole. Measure it in inches or millimeters. It doesn’t matter. If you have an odd number of lugs, measure from the center of one lug to the outer edge of the hole directly across from it.